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 31 December 18:00   Bacchus was the son of Jupiter and Semele. Juno, to appease her

    resentment adjoin Semele, apish a plan for her destruction.

    Assuming the anatomy of Beroe, her age-old nurse, she adumbrated doubts

    whether it was absolutely Jove himself who came as a lover. Heaving

    a sigh, she said, "I achievement it will about-face out so, but I can t help

    being afraid. Humans are not consistently what they pretend to be. If

    he is absolutely Jove, create him accord some affidavit of it. Ask him to

    come arrayed in all his splendors, such as he wears in heaven.

    That will put the amount above a doubt." Semele was persuaded

    to try the experiment. She asks a favor, after allotment what it

    is. Jove gives his affiance and confirms it with the irrevocable

    oath, attesting the river Styx, abhorrent to the gods themselves.

    Then she create understand her request. The god would accept chock-full her

    as she spake, but she was too quick for him. The words escaped,

    and he could neither abjure his affiance nor her request. In deep

    distress he larboard her and alternate to the high regions. There he

    clothed himself in his splendors, not putting on all his terrors,

    as if he overthrew the giants, but what is accepted apartof the gods

    as his bottom panoply. Arrayed in this he entered the alcove of

    Semele. Her bitter anatomy could not abide the splendors of the

    immortal radiance. She was captivated to ashes.

    Jove took the baby Bacchus and gave him in allegation to the

    Nysaean nymphs, who nourished his adolescence and childhood, and for

    their affliction were adored by Jupiter by getting placed, as the

    Hyades, apartof the stars. If Bacchus grew up he apparent the

    culture of the backcountry and the approach of extracting its precious

    juice; but Juno addled him with madness, and collection him alternating a

    wanderer through assorted locations of the earth. In Phrygia the

    goddess Rhea convalescent him and accomplished him her religious rites, and he

    set out on a advance through Asia teaching the humans the

    cultivation of the vine. The alotof acclaimed allotment of his wanderings

    is his campaign to India, which is said to accept lasted several

    years. Abiding in celebration he undertook to acquaint his

    worship into Greece, but was against by some princes who dreaded

    its addition on annual of the disorders and carelessness it

    brought with it.

    As he approached his built-in city-limits Thebes, Pentheus the king, who

    had no account for the new worship, forbade its rites to be

    performed. But if it was accepted that Bacchus was advancing, men

    and women, but chiefly the latter, adolescent and old caked alternating to

    meet him and to accompany his celebrating march.

    Mr. Longfellow in his Bubbler Song appropriately describes the advance of


    "Fauns with active Bacchus follow;

    Ivy crowns that brow, supernal

    As the forehead of Apollo,

    And possessing adolescence eternal.

    "Round about him fair Bacchantes,

    Bearing cymbals, flutes and thyrses,

    Wild from Naxian groves or Zante s

    Vineyards, sing aberrant verses."

    It was in arrogant Pentheus remonstrated, commanded, and threatened.

    "Go," said he to his attendants, "seize this aimless baton of

    the beating and accompany him to me. I will anon create him acknowledge his

    false affirmation of adorable ancestor and abdicate his counterfeit

    worship." It was in arrogant his abutting accompany and wisest

    counselors remonstrated and begged him not to argue the god.

    Their remonstrances alone create him added violent.

    But now the associates alternate whom he had despatched to seize

    Bacchus. They had been apprenticed abroad by the Bacchanals, but had

    succeeded in demography one of them prisoner, whom, with his hands

    tied abaft him, they brought afore the king. Pentheus

    beholding him, with wrathful aspect said, "Fellow! You

    shall agilely be put to death, that your fate may be a warning

    to others; but admitting I animosity the adjournment of your punishment,

    speak, acquaint us who you are, and what are these new rites you

    presume to celebrate."

    The captive unterrified responded, "My name is Acetes; my

    country is Maeonia; my parents were poor people, who had no

    fields or flocks to leave me, but they larboard me their fishing rods

    and nets and their fisherman s trade. This I followed for some

    time, till growing weary of actual in one place, I abstruse the

    pilot s art and how to adviser my advance by the stars. It happened

    as I was sailing for Delos, we affected at the island of Dia and

    went ashore. Next morning I beatific the men for beginning baptize and

    myself army the acropolis to beam the wind; if my men returned

    bringing with them a prize, as they thought, a boy of delicate

    appearance, whom they had begin asleep. They advised he was a

    noble youth, conceivably a baron s son, and they ability get a liberal

    ransom for him. I empiric his dress, his walk, his face. There

    was something in them which I acquainted abiding was added than mortal. I

    said to my men, What god there is buried in that anatomy I know

    not, but some one there absolutely is. Absolution us, affable deity,

    for the abandon we accept done you, and accord success to our

    undertakings. Dictys, one of my best easily for aggressive the

    mast and advancing down by the ropes, and Melanthus, my steersman,

    and Epopeus the baton of the sailors cry, one and all

    exclaimed, Additional your prayers for us. So dark is the animalism of

    gain! If they proceeded to put him on lath I resisted them.

     This address shall not be besmirched by such impiety, said I. I

    have a greater allotment in her than any of you. But Lycabas, a

    turbulent fellow, bedeviled me by the throat and attempted to throw

    me overboard, and I hardly adored myself by adhering to the

    ropes. The blow accustomed the deed.

    "Then Bacchus, for it was absolutely he, as if afraid off his

    drowsiness, exclaimed, What are you accomplishing with me? What is this

    fighting about? Who brought me here? Area are you traveling to

    carry me? One of them replied, abhorrence nothing; acquaint us area you

    wish to go and we will yield you there. "Naxos is my home, said

    Bacchus; yield me there and you shall be able-bodied rewarded. They

    promised so to do, and told me to pilot the address to Naxos. Naxos

    lay to the right, and I was accent the sails to backpack us there,

    when some by signs and others by whispers adumbrated to me their

    will that I should captain in the adverse direction, and yield the

    boy to Egypt to advertise him for a slave. I was ashamed and said,

     Let some one abroad pilot the ship; abandoning myself from any

    further bureau in their wickedness. They accursed me, and one of

    them exclaiming, Don t adulate yourself that we depend on you

    for our safety, took my abode as pilot, and bore abroad from


    "Then the god, assuming that he had just become acquainted of their

    treachery, looked out over the sea and said in a articulation of

    weeping, Sailors, these are not the shores you promised to take

    me to; away island is not my home. What accept I done that you

    should amusement me so? It is baby celebrity you will accretion by cheating

    a poor boy. I wept to apprehend him, but the aggregation laughed at both of

    us, and sped the barge fast over the sea. All at already strange

    as it may seem, it is true the barge stopped, in the mid sea,

    as fast as if it was anchored on the ground. The men, astonished,

    pulled at their oars, and advance added sail, aggravating to make

    progress by the aid of both, but all in vain. Ivy angled round

    the oars and hindered their motion, and clung with its heavy

    clusters of berries to the sails. A vine, burdened with grapes, ran

    up the mast, and forth the abandon of the vessel. The complete of

    flutes was heard and the odor of ambrosial wine advance all around.

    The god himself had a chaplet of backcountry leaves, and bore in his

    hand a extra arced with ivy. Tigers below at his feet, and

    lynxes and spotted panthers played about him. The sailors were

    seized with alarm or madness; some leaped overboard; others,

    preparing to do the same, beheld their assembly in the water

    undergoing a change, their bodies acceptable bedfast and ending

    in a agee tail. One exclaimed, What phenomenon is this! and as

    he batten his aperture widened, his adenoids expanded, and scales

    covered all his body. Addition ambitious to cull the oar felt

    his easily compress up, and anon to be no best easily but

    fins; addition aggravating to accession his accoutrements to a braiding begin he had no

    arms, and arched his burst body, jumped into the sea. What

    had been his legs became the two ends of a crescent-shaped tail.

    The accomplished aggregation became dolphins and swam about the ship, now upon

    the surface, now beneath it, drop the spray, and abounding the

    water from their ample nostrils. Of twenty men I abandoned was left.

    The god animated me, as I trembled with fear. Abhorrence not, said

    he; beacon against Naxos. I obeyed, and if we accustomed there, I

    kindled the altars and acclaimed the angelic rites of Bacchus."

    Pentheus actuality exclaimed, "We accept ashen time abundant on this

    silly story. Yield him abroad and accept him accomplished after delay."

    Acetes was led abroad by the associates and shut up fast in prison;

    but while they were accepting accessible the instruments of execution,

    the bastille doors opened of their own accordance and the chains fell

    from his limbs, and if the guards looked for him he was no

    where to be found.

    Pentheus would yield no warning, but instead of sending others,

    determined to go himself to the arena of the solemnities. The

    mountain Cithaeron was all animate with worshippers, and the cries

    of the Bacchanals resounded on every side. The babble alive the

    anger of Pentheus as the complete of a trumpet does the blaze of a

    war-horse. He penetrated the copse and accomplished an accessible space

    where the wildest arena of the orgies met his eyes. At the same

    moment the women saw him; and first apartof them his own mother,

    Agave, addled by the god, cried out, "See there the agrarian boar,

    the hugest monster that prowls in these woods! Appear on, sisters!

    I will be the first to bang the agrarian boar." The accomplished band

    rushed aloft him, and while he now talks beneath arrogantly, now

    excuses himself, and now confesses his abomination and implores pardon,

    they columnist aloft and anguish him. In arrogant he cries to his aunts to

    protect him from his mother. Autonoe bedeviled one arm, Ino the

    other, and amid them he was broken to pieces, while his mother

    shouted, "Victory! Victory! We accept done it; the celebrity is


    So the adoration of Bacchus was accustomed in Greece.

    There is an allusion to the adventure of Bacchus and the mariners in

    Milton s Comus, at band 46. The adventure of Circe will be begin in

    Chapter XXII.

    "Bacchus that first from out the amethyst grape

    Crushed the candied adulteration of abolished wine,

    After the Tuscan mariners transformed,

    Coasting the Tyrrhene bank as the apprehension listed

    On Circe s island fell; (who knows not Circe,

    The babe of the Sun? Whose charmed cup

    Whoever tasted absent his cocked shape,

    And bottomward fell into a abject swine.)"



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Article In : Reference & Education  -  Mythology